5 things to pay attention for safe climbing

Mountain climbing is viewed by some as an extreme sport, while for others it is simply an exciting, exhilarating, and rewarding experience. For those considering taking up mountain climbing, even for a one-day adventure, it’s not enough to just show up with some kind of boots and backpack. It's very important to have the appropriate equipment for the route,  know the weather conditions and the most substantial to be physically prepared to go the distance, as there aren’t any quick exits from the side of a mountain.

So if you’re planning to take on a peak, you’ll want to spend an appropriate amount of time and energy on getting prepare yourself. Let’s take a look at some of the things that need should keep in mind for safe mountain climbing.

1. Be healthy and be in peak condition

Mountain climbing doesn’t require powerlifting skills, but it does require a fair bit of strength. After all, you’re not just hauling your body up the mountain, you’re also probably hauling a large pack on your back and your body needs to be able to move vertically with that extra weight.

Bodyweight training is a great place to begin if you’re not already fit, including exercises such as pushups, pullups, dips, squats, and lunges. Once your body becomes comfortable with those exercises, it’s time to add some extra weight, via a weighted vest or a loaded pack on your back. In addition, getting into the gym for some classic weight training is going to net your body the strength it needs to get up (and down) that mountain. Some suggestedstrength training exercises for mountain climbing are dead lifts, front squats, bench press, power cleans, and military presses.

 2. Find out about the mountain you are climbing on

It should be your practice, to get know the mountain before you climb on it. Read some aricles relating to the mountain, learn about the plants and animals that might live in, speak with people who have already been there and get information about the state of roads and trails, the height of the mountain and the estimated time required to reach the top of the mountain and back down to the foot of the mountain.

The most important think you should pay attention is the weather conditions - check recent weather conditions in the mountain including the lowest temperature, highest temperature, rainfall, and humidity.

3. Prepare your gear carefully

This is probably the most important step that every mountaineer should go through. Here is a list of 10 essentials tools which belong in every mountaineer's backpack.

  • Map;

  • Compass;

  • Flashlight / Headlamp;

  • Extra Food;

  • Extra Clothing;

  • Eye Protection;

  • First-Aid Kit;

  • Pocket Knife;

  • Waterproof Matches;

  • Firestarter.

 Use extra time to double and triple check your gear. Check that you have everything you need (taking a list is helpful) and check that everything is in good working order.

4. Take water and food

Obviously the amount of food and drinks that you carry depends on the results of your research in determining the amount of time you need to climb up and down the mountain. But there are some foods that are highly recommended for you to carry and there are several types of beverages that may have you take it depends on the situation of the mountain you will climb. These types of foods are chocolate, instant noodles, wheat bread, white bread smeared with butter and sprinkled with sugar, and do not miss fruits durable enough like apples and oranges. Some drinks that you may have to bring is water (I think it's mandatory), coffee, ginger drinks, tea.

5. Find company 

Even if you are an experienced mountaineer you should never climb the mountain alone. Always climb in groups and with experienced climbers. Cooperation between the climbers are very necessary, because the efforts of one person alone is never enough. To train the cohesiveness you can start by trying to work out together and certainly with a predetermined schedule. Or you can also try to do activities together during preparation for mountain climbing. 

Last modified on 25 Apr 2015

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